CEPH快速部署(Centos7+Jewel)

环境

  1. 三台装有CentOS 7的主机,每台主机有三个磁盘(虚拟机磁盘要大于100G),详细信息如下:
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[root@ceph-1 ~]# cat /etc/redhat-release
CentOS Linux release 7.2.1511 (Core)
[root@ceph-1 ~]# lsblk
NAME MAJ:MIN RM SIZE RO TYPE MOUNTPOINT
sda 8:0 0 128G 0 disk
├─sda1 8:1 0 500M 0 part /boot
└─sda2 8:2 0 127.5G 0 part
├─centos-root 253:0 0 50G 0 lvm /
├─centos-swap 253:1 0 2G 0 lvm [SWAP]
└─centos-home 253:2 0 75.5G 0 lvm /home
sdb 8:16 0 2T 0 disk
sdc 8:32 0 2T 0 disk
sdd 8:48 0 2T 0 disk
sr0 11:0 1 1024M 0 rom
[root@ceph-1 ~]# cat /etc/hosts
..
192.168.57.222 ceph-1
192.168.57.223 ceph-2
192.168.57.224 ceph-3
  1. 集群配置如下:
主机 IP 功能
ceph-1 192.168.57.222 deploy、mon*1、osd*3
ceph-2 192.168.57.223 mon*1、 osd*3
ceph-3 192.168.57.224 mon*1 、osd*3

环境清理!

如果之前部署失败了,不必删除ceph客户端,或者重新搭建虚拟机,只需要在每个节点上执行如下指令即可将环境清理至刚安装完ceph客户端时的状态!强烈建议在旧集群上搭建之前清理干净环境,否则会发生各种异常情况。

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ps aux|grep ceph |awk '{print $2}'|xargs kill -9
ps -ef|grep ceph
#确保此时所有ceph进程都已经关闭!!!如果没有关闭,多执行几次。
umount /var/lib/ceph/osd/*
rm -rf /var/lib/ceph/osd/*
rm -rf /var/lib/ceph/mon/*
rm -rf /var/lib/ceph/mds/*
rm -rf /var/lib/ceph/bootstrap-mds/*
rm -rf /var/lib/ceph/bootstrap-osd/*
rm -rf /var/lib/ceph/bootstrap-mon/*
rm -rf /var/lib/ceph/tmp/*
rm -rf /etc/ceph/*
rm -rf /var/run/ceph/*

yum源及ceph的安装

需要在每个主机上执行以下指令

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yum clean all
rm -rf /etc/yum.repos.d/*.repo
wget -O /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/Centos-7.repo
wget -O /etc/yum.repos.d/epel.repo http://mirrors.aliyun.com/repo/epel-7.repo
sed -i '/aliyuncs/d' /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo
sed -i '/aliyuncs/d' /etc/yum.repos.d/epel.repo
sed -i 's/$releasever/7/g' /etc/yum.repos.d/CentOS-Base.repo

增加ceph的源

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vim /etc/yum.repos.d/ceph.repo

添加以下内容:

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[ceph]
name=ceph
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/ceph/rpm-jewel/el7/x86_64/
gpgcheck=0
[ceph-noarch]
name=cephnoarch
baseurl=http://mirrors.163.com/ceph/rpm-jewel/el7/noarch/
gpgcheck=0

安装ceph客户端:

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yum makecache
yum install ceph ceph-radosgw rdate -y

关闭selinux&firewalld

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sed -i 's/SELINUX=.*/SELINUX=disabled/' /etc/selinux/config
setenforce 0
systemctl stop firewalld
systemctl disable firewalld

同步各个节点时间:

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yum -y install rdate
rdate -s time-a.nist.gov
echo rdate -s time-a.nist.gov >> /etc/rc.d/rc.local
chmod +x /etc/rc.d/rc.local

开始部署

在部署节点(ceph-1)安装ceph-deploy,下文的部署节点统一指ceph-1:

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[root@ceph-1 ~]# yum -y install ceph-deploy
[root@ceph-1 ~]# ceph-deploy --version
1.5.34
[root@ceph-1 ~]# ceph -v
ceph version 10.2.2 (45107e21c568dd033c2f0a3107dec8f0b0e58374)

在部署节点创建部署目录并开始部署:

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[root@ceph-1 ~]# cd
[root@ceph-1 ~]# mkdir cluster
[root@ceph-1 ~]# cd cluster/
[root@ceph-1 cluster]# ceph-deploy new ceph-1 ceph-2 ceph-3

如果之前没有ssh-copy-id到各个节点,则需要输入一下密码,过程log如下:

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[ceph_deploy.conf][DEBUG ] found configuration file at: /root/.cephdeploy.conf
[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO ] Invoked (1.5.34): /usr/bin/ceph-deploy new ceph-1 ceph-2 ceph-3
[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO ] ceph-deploy options:
[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO ] username : None
[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO ] func : <function new at 0x7f91781f96e0>
[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO ] verbose : False
[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO ] overwrite_conf : False
[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO ] quiet : False
[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO ] cd_conf : <ceph_deploy.conf.cephdeploy.Conf instance at 0x7f917755ca28>
[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO ] cluster : ceph
[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO ] ssh_copykey : True
[ceph_deploy.cli][INFO ] mon : ['ceph-1', 'ceph-2', 'ceph-3']
..
..
ceph_deploy.new][WARNIN] could not connect via SSH
[ceph_deploy.new][INFO ] will connect again with password prompt
The authenticity of host 'ceph-2 (192.168.57.223)' can't be established.
ECDSA key fingerprint is ef:e2:3e:38:fa:47:f4:61:b7:4d:d3:24:de:d4:7a:54.
Are you sure you want to continue connecting (yes/no)? yes
Warning: Permanently added 'ceph-2,192.168.57.223' (ECDSA) to the list of known hosts.
root
root@ceph-2's password:
[ceph-2][DEBUG ] connected to host: ceph-2
..
..
[ceph_deploy.new][DEBUG ] Resolving host ceph-3
[ceph_deploy.new][DEBUG ] Monitor ceph-3 at 192.168.57.224
[ceph_deploy.new][DEBUG ] Monitor initial members are ['ceph-1', 'ceph-2', 'ceph-3']
[ceph_deploy.new][DEBUG ] Monitor addrs are ['192.168.57.222', '192.168.57.223', '192.168.57.224']
[ceph_deploy.new][DEBUG ] Creating a random mon key...
[ceph_deploy.new][DEBUG ] Writing monitor keyring to ceph.mon.keyring...
[ceph_deploy.new][DEBUG ] Writing initial config to ceph.conf...

此时,目录内容如下:

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[root@ceph-1 cluster]# ls
ceph.conf ceph-deploy-ceph.log ceph.mon.keyring

根据自己的IP配置向ceph.conf中添加public_network,并稍微增大mon之间时差允许范围(默认为0.05s,现改为2s):

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[root@ceph-1 cluster]# echo public_network=192.168.57.0/24 >> ceph.conf
[root@ceph-1 cluster]# echo mon_clock_drift_allowed = 2 >> ceph.conf
[root@ceph-1 cluster]# cat ceph.conf
[global]
fsid = 0248817a-b758-4d6b-a217-11248b098e10
mon_initial_members = ceph-1, ceph-2, ceph-3
mon_host = 192.168.57.222,192.168.57.223,192.168.57.224
auth_cluster_required = cephx
auth_service_required = cephx
auth_client_required = cephx
public_network=192.168.57.0/24
mon_clock_drift_allowed = 2

开始部署monitor:

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[root@ceph-1 cluster]# ceph-deploy mon create-initial
..
..若干log
[root@ceph-1 cluster]# ls
ceph.bootstrap-mds.keyring ceph.bootstrap-rgw.keyring ceph.conf ceph.mon.keyring
ceph.bootstrap-osd.keyring ceph.client.admin.keyring ceph-deploy-ceph.log

查看集群状态:

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[root@ceph-1 cluster]# ceph -s
cluster 0248817a-b758-4d6b-a217-11248b098e10
health HEALTH_ERR
no osds
Monitor clock skew detected
monmap e1: 3 mons at {ceph-1=192.168.57.222:6789/0,ceph-2=192.168.57.223:6789/0,ceph-3=192.168.57.224:6789/0}
election epoch 6, quorum 0,1,2 ceph-1,ceph-2,ceph-3
osdmap e1: 0 osds: 0 up, 0 in
flags sortbitwise
pgmap v2: 64 pgs, 1 pools, 0 bytes data, 0 objects
0 kB used, 0 kB / 0 kB avail
64 creating

开始部署OSD:

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ceph-deploy --overwrite-conf osd prepare ceph-1:/dev/sdb ceph-1:/dev/sdc ceph-1:/dev/sdd ceph-2:/dev/sdb ceph-2:/dev/sdc ceph-2:/dev/sdd ceph-3:/dev/sdb ceph-3:/dev/sdc ceph-3:/dev/sdd --zap-disk
ceph-deploy --overwrite-conf osd activate ceph-1:/dev/sdb1 ceph-1:/dev/sdc1 ceph-1:/dev/sdd1 ceph-2:/dev/sdb1 ceph-2:/dev/sdc1 ceph-2:/dev/sdd1 ceph-3:/dev/sdb1 ceph-3:/dev/sdc1 ceph-3:/dev/sdd1

我在部署的时候出了个小问题,有一个OSD没成功(待所有OSD部署完毕后,再重新部署问题OSD即可解决),如果不出意外的话,集群状态应该如下:

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[root@ceph-1 cluster]# ceph -s
cluster 0248817a-b758-4d6b-a217-11248b098e10
health HEALTH_WARN
too few PGs per OSD (21 < min 30)
monmap e1: 3 mons at {ceph-1=192.168.57.222:6789/0,ceph-2=192.168.57.223:6789/0,ceph-3=192.168.57.224:6789/0}
election epoch 22, quorum 0,1,2 ceph-1,ceph-2,ceph-3
osdmap e45: 9 osds: 9 up, 9 in
flags sortbitwise
pgmap v82: 64 pgs, 1 pools, 0 bytes data, 0 objects
273 MB used, 16335 GB / 16336 GB avail
64 active+clean

去除这个WARN,只需要增加rbd池的PG就好:

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[root@ceph-1 cluster]# ceph osd pool set rbd pg_num 128
set pool 0 pg_num to 128
[root@ceph-1 cluster]# ceph osd pool set rbd pgp_num 128
set pool 0 pgp_num to 128
[root@ceph-1 cluster]# ceph -s
cluster 0248817a-b758-4d6b-a217-11248b098e10
health HEALTH_ERR
19 pgs are stuck inactive for more than 300 seconds
12 pgs peering
19 pgs stuck inactive
monmap e1: 3 mons at {ceph-1=192.168.57.222:6789/0,ceph-2=192.168.57.223:6789/0,ceph-3=192.168.57.224:6789/0}
election epoch 22, quorum 0,1,2 ceph-1,ceph-2,ceph-3
osdmap e49: 9 osds: 9 up, 9 in
flags sortbitwise
pgmap v96: 128 pgs, 1 pools, 0 bytes data, 0 objects
308 MB used, 18377 GB / 18378 GB avail
103 active+clean
12 peering
9 creating
4 activating
[root@ceph-1 cluster]# ceph -s
cluster 0248817a-b758-4d6b-a217-11248b098e10
health HEALTH_OK
monmap e1: 3 mons at {ceph-1=192.168.57.222:6789/0,ceph-2=192.168.57.223:6789/0,ceph-3=192.168.57.224:6789/0}
election epoch 22, quorum 0,1,2 ceph-1,ceph-2,ceph-3
osdmap e49: 9 osds: 9 up, 9 in
flags sortbitwise
pgmap v99: 128 pgs, 1 pools, 0 bytes data, 0 objects
310 MB used, 18377 GB / 18378 GB avail
128 active+clean

至此,集群部署完毕。

config推送

请不要使用直接修改某个节点的/etc/ceph/ceph.conf文件的方式,而是去部署节点(此处为ceph-1:/root/cluster/ceph.conf)目录下修改。因为节点到几十个的时候,不可能一个个去修改的,采用推送的方式快捷安全!
修改完毕后,执行如下指令,将conf文件推送至各个节点:

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[root@ceph-1 cluster]# ceph-deploy --overwrite-conf config push ceph-1 ceph-2 ceph-3

此时,需要重启各个节点monitor服务,见下一节。

mon&osd启动方式

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#monitor start/stop/restart
#ceph-1为各个monitor所在节点的主机名。
systemctl start ceph-mon@ceph-1.service
systemctl restart ceph-mon@ceph-1.service
systemctl stop ceph-mon@ceph-1.service
#OSD start/stop/restart
#0为该节点的OSD的id,可以通过`ceph osd tree`查看
systemctl start/stop/restart ceph-osd@0.service
[root@ceph-1 cluster]# ceph osd tree
ID WEIGHT TYPE NAME UP/DOWN REWEIGHT PRIMARY-AFFINITY
-1 17.94685 root default
-2 5.98228 host ceph-1
0 1.99409 osd.0 up 1.00000 1.00000
1 1.99409 osd.1 up 1.00000 1.00000
8 1.99409 osd.2 up 1.00000 1.00000
-3 5.98228 host ceph-2
2 1.99409 osd.3 up 1.00000 1.00000
3 1.99409 osd.4 up 1.00000 1.00000
4 1.99409 osd.5 up 1.00000 1.00000
-4 5.98228 host ceph-3
5 1.99409 osd.6 up 1.00000 1.00000
6 1.99409 osd.7 up 1.00000 1.00000
7 1.99409 osd.8 up 1.00000 1.00000